Buying a diamond is an expensive purchase and one that buyers won’t want to take lightly. Diamonds come in many sizes, cuts, and colors, and it is important to choose the right one. Some important qualities to notice when determining if your diamond is high quality are clarity, color, cut, and carat weight.
A diamond that has no imperfections or inclusions has flawless clarity. Diamonds with high clarity are hard to find and considered rare. Grading for diamond clarity happens under 10X magnification. The diamonds are then given ratings such as Flawless (FL), Internally Flawless (IF), Very Very Slightly Included (VVS 1&2), Very Slightly Included (VS 1&2), Slightly Included (SI 1&2), and Included (I 1,2,&3). If your diamond has several imperfections that are visible with the naked eye such as an included diamond, then it is of poorer clarity. If no perfections can be seen with the naked eye, then your diamond is of higher quality. Be aware that diamonds with lower clarity are prone to chipping and cracking. Investing in a higher quality of clarity will ensure that your diamond lasts and maintains its sparkle.
Color of High Quality Diamonds
The color of high quality diamonds are actually a lack of color. The more pure a diamond is, the less color hue it has. Diamonds have a color scale of D-Z and are graded under specialized, controlled lighting. Based upon the grading scale, D diamonds are diamonds of colorless quality. They are the pure and rarest of diamonds. The scale continues in color down to Z which is the lowest quality diamond on the color scale. While most color is hard to distinguish with the naked eye, it will affect the quality and price of diamond. Buyers looking for high quality will want to search for colorless diamonds higher on the scale.
The Perfect Diamond Cut
Many think that the perfect diamond cut depends on the shape such as oval, heart, square, or pear, when in fact it’s about how the diamond interacts with light. People love diamonds because of their sparkle, and the cut is determined by how a diamond sparkles in the light. Cutting the facets of a diamond with precision, polish, proportions, and symmetry is a difficult skill. A diamond of the highest quality will have an equal number of light and dark spots. Of all the determining factors of a high quality diamond, cut is the most complex. The grading scale consists of five grades: excellent, very good, good, fair, and poor. Choosing a diamond in the excellent or very good category ensure you are buying a high quality cut diamond.
The final quality to consider when buying a high quality diamond is the carat weight. The larger the diamond, the higher the quality and the more expensive it will be. The carat weight of diamonds is measured on a 100 point scale. Diamonds weighing .25 carats are called 25 pointers. A diamond weighing 100 carats would be a 1.00 carat diamond. Anything above 1.00 is also measured as a decimal such as 1.15 or 1.25 carats. While a diamond may have a larger carat weight, the quality is also dependent upon the other categories such as cut, color, and clarity to determine how high the quality is. A buyer must take all four C’s into consideration when purchasing a high quality diamond.